Young people are disproportionately exposed to decent work deficits and low-quality jobs. Working poverty, low pay, lack of written contracts, occupational hazards and injuries, and discrimination are prevalent challenges among young workers. International labour standards are of paramount importance to protect youth. Labour laws and, where they exist, collective agreements, should apply to all young workers, including those currently lacking protection because of disguised employment relationships.
Investments in job creation, must not disregard the quality of jobs. Effective monitoring and supervision can ensure that youth employment interventions are guided by international labour standards. Programme design features, such as adequate wage setting, may prevent abusive and discriminatory pay practices and improve the purchasing power of young workers.
Youth employment policies must rely and entice social dialogue at the national level. They should also encourage youth’s transitions from the informal to the formal economy and from temporary to stable jobs.
The gap and marginalisation of young people in Europe is one of the consequence of the crisis and has resulted in labelling the future leaders of society as the lost generation and therefore brought a misery to image of any future of young person. Conceivably, young people are not entitled to be one of the marginalised social groups. However, in the circumstances we are facing nowadays, the society infringes their obligation to carry stronger responsibilities. Europe has never had such an educated, influential young generation as it has nowadays. In the same time, it has never been less prepared to include it in its society.
Within the current developments in Europe, there is a need to recognise young people as a specific demographic group of right-holders with specific needs and adopt an adequate legislative framework to these circumstances. Young people in Europe can be considered as a particular group, not defined just by their specific age restrains, but the needs they requisite to be fully included in the society. Due to absence of specific age boundaries of the young age, as well as the consideration of young age as the age of transition between the childhood and adulthood, young people are still left as the undefined group.
Existing legal documents on Human Rights represent the guarantees of the fundamental rights of all human beings. For this, The European Convention on Human Rights is the basic legal framework for the Council of Europe Member States in human rights protection. Also other documents and national constitution strengthened its position in the national legislations and contribute to the protection of the citizens’ rights and the EU incorporated most of them into the Lisbon Treaty (EU Charter of Fundamental Rights.
However, access to the fundamental rights is not equally granted to all the citizens. Particular social groups, based on their ethnic, social or economical background cannot always defend their rights as easily as their counterparts.