In this article I will present to you some facts you can find about Romania.
1. The most popular novels which were inspired by places in Romania, are „The Carpathian castle” by Jules Verne and „Dracula” by Bram Stoker.
2.Romania is number 9 worldwide regarding the wine production.
3.The Romanian bill of 10 bani released in 1917 is the smallest bill in the world ever printed.It had 2,75 x 3,80 cm.
4.The modern reaction engine was invented by the Bucharest inventor Henri Coandă in 1910.
5.The public transport in Bucharest is the 4th biggest in Europe.
6.The soprano Alma Gluck, the first lyric artist who managed to sell 1 million recordings, was born in Bucharest on 11th May 1884.
7.In Brasov you can find one of the biggest Gothic churches among Wien, Austria and Istanbul,Turkey. It is called „The Black Church”.
8.The Peleș castle was the first castle in Europe which was fully lit with electrical current.The electric energy was produced by the castle’s own installation system.The heating system of the castle was built in 1888 and is still functional.
9.The second largest underground glaciar rock in Europe.The glaciar in Scărișoara Cave is found under the Bihor Mountains in Romania.It has the volume of 75.000 cubic meters and the age of over 3.500 years.
10.The inspiration for Count Dracula,character created by Bram Stoker, was the ruler Vlad Țepeș( or Vlad the Impaler), who got his name due to the fact that he would impale his enemies and would leave them like that on the streets.
11.Timișoara became in 1889 the first city in Europe which had public electrical lighting.
12.Also Timișoara was the first European city which introduced the horse powered tramway,in 1869.
13.The pen was invented by Craiova born Petrache Poenaru and was patented in May 1827. He lived between 1799-1875.
14.The tallest wooden church in the world and the second largest wooden building in Europe is Peri Monastery located in Săpânța, Maramureș.It is 78 meters tall and has a cross that is 7 meters tall and weighs 455 Kilograms.
15.Nicolae Păulescu was the Romanian scientist who discovered insulin,and which he initially called pancreine.In spite of this, two canadian scientists received the Nobel Prize in 1923 for their studies about insulin,but the pioneer work of Păulescu in diabetic medicine was rightfully recognized.
16.The Danube-Black Sea Channel in Dobrogea,Romania is third in the lenght of a navigation way created by man, after Suez Channel and Panama Channel.
17.The first actor who played Tarzan was the Romanian Johnny Weissmuller,former olympic champion at swimming, who played the main role in the movie „Tarzan the monkey man” in 1932.
18.The statue of King Decebal, sculpted in a rock in Cazanele Dunării(Danube), is the tallest rock sculpture in Europe,having 55 meters.
19.The first clean 10 in the Olympic games was given to Romanian gymnast Nadia Comăneci in 1976 in Montreal,Canada.
20.The Palace of the Parliament in Bucharest is the second largest building in the world after the Pentagon in USA.
Written by: Catalin POPSOR